What is a Disaster?
“A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins.”
(What is a disaster?.In International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies(2019).Retrieved from https://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/about-disasters/what-is-a-disaster)
“A disaster occurs when a hazard impacts on vulnerable people.”
The combination of hazards, vulnerability and inability to reduce the potential negative consequences
of risk results in disaster.
Disasters that happen as results of human actions, errors, management and policy are referred to as Man-Made Disasters. Sometimes, these are called as technological disasters. Natural disasters that fail to took action are also considered as man-made disasters here on this site. These disasters also can be intentional, which can left some segments of the population vulnerable.
E.g. Oil spills, Act of terrorism, Nuclear explosions, Air pollution, Wildfires